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Download IELTS reading material

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Download IELTS reading material


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For IELTS reading test the best thing is to Practice. Practice is obviously important for IELTS but it is important to practise intelligently. Some of the best advise for the practice is:

1. test yourself
2. do an open book test where you look at the answers as you do the reading to see where the answers come
3. retest yourself a week or so later.

My advise is that you must read at least 3 times and then start answering the questions. Here below is one example for your practice:

Part 1. Australia's Linguistic History

Read the passage below, then answer Questions 1 - 6.

Aboriginal Australia was multilingual in the sense that more than two hundred languages were spoken in specific territorial areas which together comprised the whole country. Because mobility was restricted, one lan- guage group had knowledge of its own language together with some knowledge of the languages spoken in the territories immediately adjacent to their own. However, from the beginning of European settlement in 1788, English was given predominance by the settlers. As a result Abo- riginal languages were displaced and, in some areas, eliminated. By 1983, about 83 per cent of the Australian population spoke English as a mother tongue. Less than one per cent did not use English at all. The pre-emi- nence of the English language reflects the fact that European settlement of this continent has been chiefly by English-speaking people, despite prior Portugese and Dutch coastal exploration.

The first white settlers, convicts and soldiers and, later, free settlers, came almost exclusively from the British Isles. Some of these settlers spoke the then standard form of English whilst others spoke a wide variety of the non-standard forms of English that flourished in various areas of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales. In addition, many spoke the Celtic languages including Gaelic, Irish and Welsh. However, speakers of languages other than English did not arrive in the Australian colonies in significant numbers until the goldrushes of the 1850s, which attracted people from all over the world, including substantial numbers from China. The reac- tion of the Europeans to the Chinese led to restrictions on Chinese and other non-European immigration and eventually to the Federal Immigration Act of 1901. By prohibiting the entry of non-European immigration this Act hindered the spread of non-European languages in Australia. By the late nineteenth century, German appears to have been the major non-English language spoken in the Australian colonies. In J891, about four per cent of the total population was of German origin.

Despite increased immigration from southern Europe, Germany and east- ern Europe during the 1920s and 1930s, the period from 1900 to 1946 saw the consolidation of the English language in Australia. This process was accelerated by the xenophobia engendered by the two world wars which resulted in a decline in German in particular and of all non-English languages in general. As the Department of Immigration and Ethnic Affairs noted, the result was that 'at the end of World War II, Australia was at its most monolingual ever: 90 per cent of the population tracing its ancestry to Britain'.
The post-war migration program reversed the process of increasing English monolingualism. The post-war period also witnessed a reversal of a trend of diminishing numbers of Australians of Aboriginal and Asian descent. Dr C. Price, a demographer at the Australian National University, has estimated that in 1947 only 59,000 Aborigines remained from a population of 110,000 in_1891 By 1981 their numbers had increased to 160,000. Between 1947 and 1971, nearly three million people came to settle in Australia. About 60 per cent came from non-English-speaking countries, notably, Italy, Greece, Cyprus, Yugoslavia, Turkey, Germany and the Netherlands. Since 1973, Australian immigration policies have not discriminated against people on the grounds of race, and more Asian settlers have arrived, especially from South East Asia generally and, more recently, from East Timor and Vietnam in particular. Between 1971 and 1981, the Asian population of Australia more than doubled to 8.5 per cent of the total overseas-born population. Traditional migration from Europe, although remaining substantial, declined in relative importance during this decade. The numbers of new settlers from Lebanon and New Zealand also more than doubled during this period and there was much greater migration from Latin America, Africa and Oceania.

Part 1. Australia's Linguistic History
Questions 1-6
Read the passage headed 'Australia's Linguistic History'. Answer the questions below by writing the correct date in the boxes on the Answer Sheet for Questions 1 to 6. The first one has been done as an example.

Example: Although there had been many Aboriginal languages in Australia before white settlement, English took over as the main language from
example

ex 1788

1. The first period when speakers of languages other than English arrived in Australia in large numbers was in the 1

2. In 2 the Australian Government enacted a law that prohibited all non-European immigration into Australia.

3. Figures from 3 show that at that time about four per cent of Australia's
population was of German origin.

4. Even though there were large numbers of non-English-speaking European immigrants for part of this period, from the turn of the century up to 4 English
was the unchallenged dominant language in Australia.

5. From the years after the Second World War until 5 almost 3 million people
emigrated to Australia, with about 60 per cent coming from non-English-speaking countries.

6- In 6 the laws preventing non-Europeans from emigrating to Australia were removed, resulting in an increase in Asian immigration.

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